Thousand years of history itinerary
This itinerary can be implemented with the support of FOLKLORE COMPANY OF VARNAVAS, that will take care also of the organization of necessary local transfers.
Introduction to the itinerary
The itinerary combines the ancient and the modern history of Athens and is dedicated to the divine stone of marble. It is divided into two days and enables you to visit the well known and worldwide famous monuments of the region and admire masterpieces of marble, ancient and modern.The following itinerary can be done in all seasons.
The tour begins from the National Archaeological Museum. It is the largest museum in Greece and one of the most important museums in the world. It houses all the finds from excavations mainly from Attica, but also from other parts of Greece. Its collections, which number more than 11,000 exhibits, offer visitors a panorama of Greek civilization from the beginnings of Prehistory to Late Antiquity.
You can continue your tour by going to the north of Attica and specifically to Dionysus where you can visit the premises of the Dionysus quarry which belongs to the Company "SA MARBLE QUARRY DIONISOU PENTELIS ".
The world famous marble "Dionysus" is produced there.
The visitor can see:
- Marble processing factory, which produces marble slabs in standard and special dimensions and special artistic constructions made according to customer requirements.
- Two mills, where the well known for its whiteness and the granulometry marble powder is produced. It is the raw material for preparing coatings
- Factory for the production of fillers, which produces detailed crystalline and amorphous materials of high whiteness calcium carbonate, used in the industries of paints, wires and asphalt.
- Industrial unit for the production of mortars with the brand name «Marmoline».
The company, in 2001, took over the enormous cultural significant task of the restoration of the Parthenon and of the Acropolis monuments. Dionysus marble is used in the Athens Concert Hall, the Pavillion of Perfect Harmony in Japan, the Bahai house of worship in India, the Palace of Justice in Israel, the General Motors Building in New York.
You can continue going North, to the municipal community Varnavas belonging to the municipality of Marathon. You can take the shuttle bus from the Kifissia square. The car is proposed to visitors because of the natural beauty of the area that you can admire. Varnavas is a hilly village with an altitude of 650 meters and It hosts two novel Museums. The European Bread Museum and the Interactive - Peasant - History - Folklore Museum. The European bread museum has three thousand (3000) exhibits of embroidered, traditional and religious breads from Greece and forty (40) countries from all over the world. The collection of breads, which is considered as the largest in the world, has traveled inside and outside the country's borders with the title attribute: “the roads of bread”.
Visiting the Interactive - Peasant - Historical - Folklore museum the visitor will see the traditional two-storey construction of the last century, the traditional wine press, the traditional outdoor oven, the cellar, the upper floor, the room of the loom, the vegetable garden and he can participate experientially in any of the fifty (50) actions made. In the facilities of the two Museums, you can see and marble works by young artists. After consultation you can see artists to carve the marble in the traditional way.
You can eat in the taverns of the village or in the taverns at the beach. During the summer months you can also enjoy a swim in the pristine beaches.
You take the road to Marathon which is 12 km away from Varnavas. If you want you can go to the Marathon Dam. It is a dam on the river Haradros at the point where it crosses the river Varnavas and it is 8 km away from the town of Marathon. The dam was constructed between 1926 and 1929 to meet the water needs of the capital city of Athens. The facade of the dam and other visible structures are constructed with Pentelic marble.
You can spend the night in the seaside Golden Coast Hotel & Bungalows Marathon Beach.
You can visit the Archaeological Museum of Marathon which is located in the area of Vranas (114 Plateon str). It includes the protected shelter cemetery tombs of the Middle Bronze Age (2000-1600 BC) and the so-called tomb of Plataeans of the 5th century BC. The exhibition is developed in five rooms and a covered patio and includes findings from the Neolithic to the Late Roman period.
Subsequently, you can visit the tomb of the Athenians that covered the 192 Athenians who "fell" in the victorious battle against the Persians in 490 BC. Burning and burial of the dead on the battlefield was the honorary bid of Athens to the fighters of Liberty.
Following the Athens Classic Marathon route of 42 km (highway Marathon-Athens), you can reach the Panathenaic Stadium. It is a timeless symbol of culture and tourism and it is one of the most important monuments of Greece. Its rich history is inseparable from the modern Olympic Games, from their revival in 1896 and is the point at which the Olympic Flame is delivered for all the Olympic Games, winter and summer.
You can take the road to the Acropolis. Before you get there, you can find the Temple of Olympian Zeus or Olympion. The Columns of Olympian Zeus is an important ancient temple in Athens. Although its construction began in the 6th century BC, it was completed at the ages of the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD. It was the largest temple of Greece during the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The temple was built with Pentelic marble and was 96 meters long at the ends and 40 meters on the east and west facade. It had 104 Corinthian columns, 17 meters high each, 2,6 meters in diameter and it weighed 364 tons. 48 pillars were standing in triple row under the pediments and 56 in double row at the edges. Only 15 of the original columns of the temple still stand today.
Few meters away the new Acropolis Museum is located. It's total area of 25,000 sq.m. and it has an exhibition space of 14,000 sq.m. The new Museum offers all the amenities expected by an international museum of the 21st century. The Acropolis Museum is located southeast of the Acropolis in the historical district of Makrygiannis. It is 300 meters away from the Acropolis and approximately 2 km from the central Syntagma Square. The entrance to the museum is at the start of the walkway of Dionyssiou Areopagitou Street, the central axis of the unified network of archaeological sites of the city. The Acropolis Metro Station is on the east side of the Museum site.
You can also visit the Acropolis monuments which survived from the disasters from the ancient times to the 19th century, where Lord Elgin removed intact architectural sculptures from the frieze, metopes and pediments of the Parthenon and transferred them to G. Britain where they are today.
You can have lunch in the wonderful taverns of the historic Plaka. Many of them offer live Greek music.
It is suggested to visit the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, better known as "Herodion". It is the ancient roman conservatory, located on the southwest slope of the Acropolis of Athens, on Dionysiou Areopagitou Street. The monument was restored in the period 1952-1953 with Dionysus marble and from 1957 is used to hold cultural events (concerts, ancient drama performances, etc.) primarily in the context of the Athens Festival. It is a great celebration that has lasted 60 summers and it has hosted some of the biggest names in theater, music and dance.